Many will already be familiar with the story of the scumbag fascist leader Oswald Mosley, he rose to fame in the 1920s while serving as Tory MP for Harrow, before going on to be elected Labour MP for Smethwick in the West Midlands. While Mosley's anti-Semitic and racist politics found some success in some pockets of London, they failed spectacularly in trying to establish a foothold among Liverpool's voters. In 1937, his followers were growing and he decided to visit parts of
July 2, 1961 — Ernest Hemingway, the Nobel Prize-winning author, adventurer, war correspondent, bullfighter, drinker and all-round macho man, died on this day. His fourth wife, Mary, said that he killed himself accidentally while cleaning his double-barrelled 12-gauge shotgun. But did he? Controversy has surrounded the death of the 61-year-old celebrity since the fatal shooting at his home in Idaho and over the years writers, researchers – and psychiatrists – have delved into
July 1, 1916 — The First World War Battle of the Somme began on this day – one of the bloodiest conflicts in human history and the worst ever for the British army. A staggering 19,240 men died on that first day – one killed every five seconds. Trench warfare along the western front in France had been going on for nearly two years, locking in a stalemate, the Germans on one side and the French and British on the other.
The front had hardly moved but for a number of months, th
In many a musical situation, one can communicate an entire playing style in a name. When it comes to the bass—in pop music, at least—one of the foremost of those names is Paul McCartney, whose soulful basslines have given us some of the most memorable melodies in music history. McCartney started out—in the Quarrymen, then The Beatles—on rhythm guitar and piano, only taking over the bass when Stuart Sutcliffe left the band in 1961. And while it’s true that he’s distinguished h
Alfred Buckham's first ambition was to be a painter, but after seeing Turner's pictures in the National Gallery, he returned home and made a bonfire of his own work. He was the first head of aerial reconnaissance for the Royal Navy in the First World War and later a captain in the Royal Naval Air Service. After crashing nine times he was obliged to undergo a tracheotomy and was discharged as a hundred per cent disabled. While recovering from surgery Buckham started making pho
The London Guide and Stranger’s Safeguard against the Cheats, Swindlers, and Pickpockets (1819), written by “a gentleman who has made the police of the metropolis an object of enquiry twenty-two years”, will keep the American abroad safe and sound. Chapters, of which the book has six, are sub-divided into sections that should have any reader of ambition and vim reaching for their passport and heading to the sink of depravity post haste. CHAPTER I. Out Door Delinquencies: Inn
In Look Magazine issue July 4, 1939 you can read a story by William P. Hitler. It’s called “Why I Hate My Uncle”. William Patrick “Willy” Stuart-Houston (né Hitler; 12 March 1911 – 14 July 1987) is profiled thus: William Patrick Hitler was born in Liverpool in the UK in 1911. His father was Adolf Hitler’s brother Alois Hitler. William moved to Germany in 1933 in an attempt to benefit from his uncle’s position of power. It appears William, who was familiar with Adolf’s family
In 1971, John Lennon wrote to Linda and Paul McCartney, a response that was triggered by a letter from Linda in which she had admonished Lennon for not openly announcing his departure from The Beatles. Paul was suffering. “I hit the bottle,” he admitted. “I hit the substances.” The letter is not an uplifting read. Transcript: I was reading your letter and wondering what middle aged cranky Beatle fan wrote it. I resisted looking at the last page to find out -I kept thinking wh
In A Map of the Open Country of a Woman’s Heart – Exhibiting its internal communications, and the facilities and dangers to Travellers therein” (1830s), D.W. Kellogg & Co. of Hartford, Connecticut, toured the female “country” and published what they found therein. It was a vision of ‘True Womanhood’, an idealised guide to being and finding the perfect woman. As Barbara Welter noted in The Cult of True Womanhood, American Quarterly (Summer 1966): “The attributes of True Womanh
Looking for peace in the Sinai desert When Axis and Soviet forces invaded Eastern Europe and the Balkans in the early years of World War II, they sent thousands of refugees fleeing south and east to escape the chaos. Many fled across the Mediterranean, hopping from island to island in search of safety. To manage this exodus, in 1942 the British established the Middle East Relief and Refugee Administration (MERRA) and set up a constellation of camps in Egypt, Gaza, and Aleppo,
One of the most original and distinctive songs Led Zeppelin ever recorded was the exotic, eight-and-a-half minute "Kashmir," from the 1975 album Physical Graffiti. In this clip from Davis Guggenheim's film It Might Get Loud (2009), Jimmy Page explains the origins of the song to fellow guitarists Jack White and The Edge. Then Page demonstrates it by picking up an old modified Danelectro59DC Double Cutaway Standard guitar that he played the song with on some of Led Zeppelin's t
A century ago, one section of Vienna played host to Adolf Hitler, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Tito, Sigmund Freud and Joseph Stalin. In January 1913, a man whose passport bore the name Stavros Papadopoulos disembarked from the Krakow train at Vienna's North Terminal station."I was sitting at the table," wrote the man he had come to meet, years later, "when the door opened with a knock and an unknown man entered. "He was short... thin... his greyish-brown skin covered in pockmarks...
Punk rock and heavy metal were two genres that evolved over the ‘70s, but seemed to run parallel to each other, despite sharing common fashion, sounds, and attitudes. But then there are moments in history, where everybody plays together in the same sandbox. For example, the above audio, which captures the Australian band AC/DC on their first American tour, playing New York’s CBGB, synonymous now with punk and new wave music. The date is August 24, 1977, and AC/DC were on a cr
In December 1961, Sam Leach landed his musician friends from Liverpool a series of gigs at the Palais Ballroom in Aldershot, Hampshire. This would be the first gig in the south of England for Paul McCartney, John Lennon, George Harrison and Pete Best, who called themselves the Beatles. The hope was that the gig would attract the attention of London record executives — unfortunately, Leach did not realise that Aldershot was a military town 37 miles outside of London. Additiona
Mosaic depicting a charioteer and horse from the Russata (Red) faction, 3rd century AD Athletes are justifiably pleased if they earn $1billion throughout the lifespan of their career. But taking the long view, they aren't that well paid when compared with the charioteers of ancient Rome. The modern sporting spectacles we manage to stage—and on occasion be appalled by—pale by comparison to the common entertainments of Rome. The Circus Maximus, the beating heart at the centre o
Imagine Olly Murs going into the studio for a year, only to produce an album of Mongolian throat singing. Or Katy Perry dropping an album of abstract techno. That’s not dissimilar to what it would have been like as an American teenager when The Beach Boys released Pet Sounds. They’d made their bones recording sun-kissed songs such as I Get Around; this music was an altogether different beast, full of mind-bending harmonic experimentation, and an approach where, if it could be
Irena Sendler is credited with having saved the lives of some 2,500 Jewish children in the Warsaw ghetto during the Second World War. By 1942 the Germans had herded some 500,000 Polish Jews into the ghetto – an area of about one square kilometre – to await transportation to the extermination camps. Starvation and disease, especially typhoid, were endemic. Irena Sendler was a Polish Roman Catholic social worker in the city who already had links with Zegota, the code name for t
Illustrator and animator Nicolas Monterrat has brought his wild imagination to historical photographs and artworks that he sets in motion and shares on Ello. The short animations blend images borrowed from old catalogues, newspapers, and textbooks with snippets of abstract footage to create collage-like images that range from humorous to downright terrifying. You can follow more from the Paris-based artist on Tumblr.
What kind of a blighted society turns the word “snowflake” into an insult?, I sometimes catch myself thinking, but then again, I’ve never understood why “treehugger” should offend. All irony aside, being known as a person who loves nature or resembles one of its most elegant creations should be a mark of distinction, no? At least that’s what Wilson "Snowflake" Bentley surely thought. The Vermont farmer, self-educated naturalist, and avid photographer, was the first person to
Cuchulainn was a powerful leader in Irish mythology. He is the central figure in the "Ulster Cycle" of poems which is roughly the Irish equivalent of the Arthurian legends in England. One of the poems in the cycle is "Serglige Con Culaind & Oenét Emire," or "The Sick Bed of Cuchulainn" where it is translated as "The Wasting Sickness of Cú Chulaind". In the story, Cuchulainn is taken ill when he is attacked in a dream by two women with horsewhips (he lay asleep in his sickbed
In 1921, an outrageously clever French businesswoman and belle of the Parisian social elite created a scent that revolutionised the way women smell. Nearly 100 years later Chanel No 5 is arguably still the world's most iconic perfume. With a healthy disregard for social etiquette and a retinue of friends and admirers among the city's "racy" women, couturier Coco Chanel traversed the boundaries between lady and mistress. By the beginning of the twenties Chanel was already a ph
Above the front windows of Motown Records' Detroit headquarters was a sign that read "Hitsville U.S.A." Placed there by Motown founder Berry Gordy soon after his company moved into the modest home at 2648 W. Grand Blvd, the sign demonstrated Gordy's blazing — and at the time, unearned — arrogance. Then the slogan came true. Founded on Jan. 12, 1959, Motown quickly became another Detroit factory; where the Big Three produced automobiles, Motown assembled the soul and pop class
Geographical fun: being humorous outlines of various countries, with an introduction and descriptive lines is a 1860s book compiled by “Aleph”, nom de plume of London surgeon and educator William Harvey. The young lady who is responsible for these Sketches is now in her fifteenth year, and her first idea of Map Drawing is traceable to her meeting with a small figure of Punch riding on a Dolphin, and contrived to represent England. The thought occurred to her when seeking to a