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Built on money gained through slavery and exploitation, Penrhyn Castle is the former home of the Pennant family, and was rebuilt between 1820 and 1833 for George Hay Dawkins-Pennant on the proceeds of the North Wales slate industry and sugar plantations in Jamaica.


The Pennant family had owned Jamaican sugar plantations since the middle of the seventeenth century. By the 1730s, they had moved back to England, becoming established as merchants in Liverpool and London, while still benefitting as absentee landlords from the profits of their Jamaican estates – and the hundreds of enslaved African people working for them. 


Penrhyn Castle cost the Pennant family an estimated £150,000, the current equivalent to about £49,500,000


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Castell Penrhyn

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